14 décembre 2023

Boosting 5G network deployment efficiency, effectiveness and performance

Lignes de transmission

The rapid deployment of 5G networks has transformed a once-hyped buzzword into concrete installations across the globe, with wireless carriers racing to capture customers and market share by providing stellar 5G services and superior performance.

Central to this revolution is not just the 5G technology itself, but the crucial components that support it, notably transmission line products.

Despite the term « wireless, » which implies a lack of physical connections, transmission lines remain indispensable for wireless carriers.

Their primary role in a wireless system is to connect antennas to transceivers, the devices responsible for both transmitting and receiving signals. This ensures that signals are relayed efficiently between the core network and the wireless interface.

Moreover, transmission lines are specifically designed to transport radio frequency (RF) signals while minimizing loss. This is achieved through design considerations, including impedance matching, ensuring optimal power transfer from the source to the load, like an antenna, with minimal reflections.

In advanced wireless systems, techniques such as MIMO (Multiple Input, Multiple Output) utilize multiple antennas. Transmission lines facilitate the routing of signals to these antennas, and, when combined with components like power dividers, allow for effective signal splitting or combinations.

Beyond just transferring signals, transmission lines also offer dynamic adjustments to the signal characteristics. Components, such as attenuators and phase shifters integrated along the lines, enable better control over wireless transmissions. This adaptability is crucial for meeting the varying demands of 5G network applications.

In addition, transmission lines shield signals from external electromagnetic interference, ensuring maintained signal integrity. This protection is especially crucial in dense urban environments with numerous potential sources of interference.

In sum, transmission lines provide a reliable and cost-effective means of connecting various wireless network components. Network operators can achieve efficient and robust communication without excessive costs by using existing transmission line technologies.

Tips on choosing the right transmission line products

Here are Novapex’s top recommendations when looking for the best transmission line products for an upcoming 5G rollout.

  1. Identify your needs: The first step in choosing the right transmission line products is to clearly identify your needs. Are you setting up a vast urban network or a smaller rural one? Different environments will have different requirements, and understanding these will guide your product selection.

  2. Determine your golden triangle of priorities: Do you need the most economically viable solution to reduce the total cost of ownership (TCO), including CAPEX and OPEX? Is deployment simplicity your top focus to accelerate your time to market? Are performance (QoS and QoE) and durability dealbreakers—and do you want top-of-the-line products? Determining your priorities will narrow down the product selection.

  3. Never underestimate flexibility: Keep in mind that technologies change at a rapid-fire pace; you may need to consider products that can address future challenges, including signal loss due to incompatibility, PIM and other hidden issues.

  4. Consider other criteria: Talk to suppliers about how the different products are tested in the lab and in the field. Despite your golden triangle, you will want to opt for solutions that are easy to install, maintain and replace. Finally, how easily can these products be integrated/interoperable with others? Never hesitate to ask for tests to be conducted to compare different products from various brands.

Novapex: A pan-Canadian leader and distributor of global telecom giants

Novapex’s technical team can help you define the right approach in choosing transmission line products to accomplish your goals. Here are just some of the solutions we support:

  • GPS signal distribution
  • Optical line of the products
  • Radiating cables
  • Installation tools
  • Coaxial connectors & cables
  • Diplexers & filters
  • Hybrid cables
  • Coaxial jumpers
  • Lighting arrestors
  • AISG/RET cables
  • DAS passive components
  • Test and measurement tools
  • Grounding kits
  • Power and shelters
  • DAS systems
  • Others

Our team has also curated a list of interesting articles from our partners on 5G networks and new RF technologies. They are must-reads for any upcoming 5G rollout:

  1. How RF Industries Is Building 5G Wireless Networks
  2. The Best RF Connectors for DAS
  3. RF Interconnects: The Building Blocks of Wireless and Wired Networks
  4. Case study: How One Wireless Service Provided Reduced Its Cable Footprint and Installation Times

Need help in unearthing the best transmission line products for your upcoming 5G project? Reach out to Novapex today for a free consultation.